Ready to buy that ski cabin or lake house? Renting it out while you’re not using it is a great way to make it happen – but not so fast. Lender rules may not allow it, so here’s what you need to know.
Different loans have different rules
The first step to financing your vacation home is understanding what mortgages are available and their rules about renting:
- Primary residence loans. These loans are the most favorable, and you’ll get the lowest possible mortgage rates. These loans require you to move into the home within 60 days of closing and live in it for at least one year. After that, you’re free to rent out the home.
- Second-home loans. These loans have the same rates as primary residences, so your rate will be the lowest it can be, but down payments must be larger – most lenders require 20 percent down. You qualify for the loan using your full primary residence housing cost plus your full second home cost. You can use the home for family and friends, but lenders won’t let you rent the home.
- Non-owner occupied loans. Also called rental property loans, these loans offer rates .25 percent to .375 percent higher than primary residence or second home rates, and down payment requirements typically start at 30 percent. Your lender will let you know if you can use the rental income to qualify. These loans allow you to rent the home and use it when it’s not rented.
Second-home loans come with restrictions
The best thing about a second-home mortgage is that the rates are the same as a primary residence mortgage. The worst thing is that you can’t rent the home.
This is an often overlooked provision of second-home loans, but it’s the most important, because if you ever rent your vacation getaway, you’ll violate the loan’s terms.
When you get a loan, there’s a document called the note, which spells out the loan’s amount, rate, payments, and fixed versus adjustable periods. Depending on what state you live in, you’ll also have either a mortgage or a deed of trust in addition to your note, which spells out additional loan requirements. (See which states use mortgages versus deeds of trust.)
At first glance, a second-home mortgage or deed of trust seems like it has the same requirements as a primary residence. Provision 6 says you must move in within 60 days and live there for at least one year – then you’re free to rent it out. Here’s a sample:
However, there’s an addendum – called a rider – in mortgages and deeds of trust that replaces this friendly requirement with a new, much more strict requirement saying that you can’t rent out the home. Here’s a sample:
This language, though hidden deep in the loan documents you’ll sign before closing, makes two critical points:
- You can’t rent the home.
- If you applied for a second-home loan and rent it out, your entire loan balance could be called due and payable by your lender.
So, if you plan to afford a vacation home by renting it out, you can’t finance it with a second-home loan. But you’ll need to review non-owner occupied loan options with your lender to meet the objective of using and renting a home that’s not your primary residence.
As noted above, this means you’ll need to put down a larger down payment, and your rate will be slightly higher. But it’s a small price to pay for the flexibility of earning income off of a home that you also use for your own enjoyment.
Top photo from Shutterstock.
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Note: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the opinion or position of Zillow.
Originally published October 4, 2016.